Kamis, 13 September 2012

HISTORY OF AHM (PT ASTRA HONDA MOTOR) INDONESIA


PT Astra Honda Motor (AHM) is the pioneer of the motorcycle industry in Indonesia. Founded on June 11, 1971 with the initial name of PT Federal Motor, whose stock is majority owned by PT Astra International. At that time, PT Federal Motor only assemble, while the components are imported from Japan in the form of CKD (completely knock down).

Type the first motorcycle in Honda's production is the business type, S 90 Z 4-stroke engine with a capacity of 90cc. Total production in the first year for one year only 1500 units, but it jumped to around 30 thousand in the year and continues to grow today. Motorcycles continues to grow and become one of the mainstay of transportation in Indonesia.
Government policy in terms of localization of automotive components pushed by Federal Motor produces various motorcycle parts Hondatahun 2001 in the country through a number of subsidiaries, including PT Honda Federal (1974) that produce basic components such as the Honda motorcycle frame, wheels, exhaust, etc. , PT Showa Manufacturing Indonesia (1979) that specialized in producing shock absorbers, PT Astra Honda Engine Manufacturing (1984) that manufactures motorcycle engines and PT Federal Izumi Mfg. (1990) which specialized in producing piston.
Along with the development of the economy and the growth of the motorcycle market there is a change in the shareholding motorcycle manufacturer Honda. In 2000 PT Federal Motor and several subsidiaries merged into one under the name of PT Astra Honda Motor, the composition of its stake to 50% owned by PT Astra International Tbk and 50% owned by Honda Motor Co.. Japan.
Currently, PT Astra Honda Motor has 3 facilities assembly plant, the first factory is located Sunter, North Jakarta, which also serves as the headquarters. The second factory is located in Pegangsaan Two, Kelapa Gading, as well as factory to 3 at once the most advanced factories located in the MM 2100 West Cikarang, Bekasi. Factory to 3 is a new assembly plant facility that began operating since 2005.
With this facility the entire PT Astra Honda Motor currently has a production capacity of 4.3 million units of motorcycles per year, to demand the motorcycle market in Indonesia continues to increase. One of the peak performance achieved by PT Astra Honda Motor is the attainment of production to 20 million in 2007. This achievement is the first achievement that were achieved by the motorcycle industry in Indonesia, even to the level of ASEAN. In the world of Honda motorcycle production achieving 20 million units is the third, after the Honda motorcycle factory in China and India.
To support the needs and satisfaction pelannggan Honda motorcycle, when PT Astra Honda Motor in 1600 supported by a dealer showroom sales that were coded H1, 3,800 service or repair service AHASS (Astra Honda Authorized Service Station) with code H2, and 6500 parts outlets or H, which are ready to serve millions use Honda motorcycles in Indonesia.
The motorcycle industry is now a major industry in Indonesia. Employees of PT Astra Honda Motor alone currently numbers about 15,000 people, plus 130 vendors and suppliers as well as thousands of other networks, all of which provide economic impact chain remarkable. The entire economic chain is expected to be about providing employment opportunities to approximately 500 thousand people. PT Astra Honda Motor will continue to work producing transportation access 2 a fun, safe and economically in accordance with the expectations and needs of the community Indonesia.A

MOTORCYCLE HISTORY IN INDONESIA

The presence of motorcycles in Indonesia turned out, had started since the beginning of the world's first production motorcycle, which in 1893 precisely in the Dutch colonial period. Although not a native people who brought Indonesia (John C. Potter), but an amazing thing when the first commercial motorcycles in the world was immediately sent to Indonesia in the first year of manufacture. Moreover, only two years later the first commercial motorcycle entered the United States (this bike first came to the United States in 1895 when a French circus performer took it to New York). But unfortunately this very historic event, can not be used as the basis for the nation, in order to produce a motorcycle of his own creation. For more details we refer to the description below.


1. In 1893,
Motorcycles in Indonesia was first owned by an Englishman named John C. Potter. Everyday J.C. Potter worked as a Machinist's first sugar mill Oemboel (read: Bannerman) Probolinggo, East Java.

 Sepeda motor milik John C. Potter.
 2. In 1899,
Present three-wheeled electric motorcycle that uses battery power, called De Dion Bouton Tricycle made ​​in France. Three-wheeled electric motorcycle is also used to pull passenger wagon. De Dion Bouton Motorcycle pretty famous in his time.


 Sepeda motor De Dion Bouton Tricycle.
 3. 1902,
Present Belgian-made Minerva motorcycles are also used to pull the wagon. Minerva engines at once ordered and used on another motorcycle brand before it can make its own machines, including the Ariel Motorcycles in the UK.

Motorcycle Minerva




4. 1906,
Administrator Bantool (Bantul) in Yogyakarta also seem to have motorcycles and some cars. At that time, it is only the Dutch and English and native nobles followed with the ability to buy a motorcycle in the early days.

Bantul Administrator's motorcycle.

 5. Touring clubs.
Along with the number of cars, the amount of motorcycles continues to grow. Thus was born the clubs touring motorcycles, whose members are senior planters and sugar mills.

One motorcycle touring club.

6. Year 1916 - 1926,
Various brands of motorcycles sold in the country, ranging from the Reading Standard, Excelsior, Harley Davidson, Indian, King Dick, Brough Superior, Henderson, to Norton. From motorcycles ads published in newspapers, RS Stockvis & Zonnen Ltd is one of the companies listed provide motorcycle spare parts.


7. In 1950,
Thousands of BMW motorcycles in Indonesia in two ways, namely through government channels (only officers are allowed) and via the private sector by building the exhibition and booking. In London at that time there were two, namely NV Spemotri the building is now a Bank Niaga in Dago, and CV Dennbarr in Simpang Lima Bandung. The most entered Indonesia is a BMW one-cylinder 249 cc, the R25, R26, and R27. BMW became a sort of official vehicles pacesetter state occasion such as guarding the entry flag to London on 28 September 1961. Rare variants BMW R51 / 2 500 cc 1952 output is believed there are only two in Indonesia.

BMW R51.

 8. in the 1960s,
Vespa scooters come in Indonesia followed by Lambretta scooters in the late 1960's. At that time, also entered Japanese motorcycles, Honda, Suzuki, Yamaha, Kawasaki and the company recently. In the end, however, as also happens in the world, motor (auto) Japan eventually dominate the automotive market in Indonesia.



TOUR DE JAVA

Route from Batavia to Surabaya.

 Bikers in Indonesia can not be separated from the gurgle of the competition as riders abroad. Motorcyclist is trying to record a record trip across Java from Batavia (Jakarta) to Soerabaja (Surabaya), which is about 850 kilometers. The route passed from Batavia towards Bandung, Semarang, Blora, Tjepu, headed Soerabaja. the description below we can see, the record-breaking journey from Jakarta to Surabaya:

1. Dated May 7, 1917,
Gerrit de Raadt riding motorcycles Reading Standard posted a record trip from Jakarta to Surabaya in 20 hours and 45 minutes.

2. Dated May 16, 1917,
Frits Sluijmers and Wim Wygchel which alternately riding a motorcycle repair Excelsior recorded a record Gerrit de Raadt. They record 20 hours and 24 minutes, with an average speed of 42 kilometers per hour. Frits Sluijmers and Wim Wygchel which alternately riding a motorcycle repair Excelsior recorded a record Gerrit de Raadt. They record 20 hours and 24 minutes, with an average speed of 42 kilometers per hour.

Frits Sluijmers and Wim Wygchel.

 3. Dated May 24, 1917,
Goddy Younge with Harley Davidson posted a new record with a time of 17 hours and 37 minutes, with an average speed of 48 kilometers per hour.

4. On 18 September 1917,
Goddy Younge record had lasted for five months before solved by Barend ten Dam Indian on a motorcycle in 15 hours and 37 minutes with an average speed of 52 kilometers per hour.

Barend ten Dam.

 3. Dated May 24, 1917,
Goddy Younge with Harley Davidson posted a new record with a time of 17 hours and 37 minutes, with an average speed of 48 kilometers per hour.

4. On 18 September 1917,
Goddy Younge record had lasted for five months before solved by Barend ten Dam Indian on a motorcycle in 15 hours and 37 minutes with an average speed of 52 kilometers per hour.

Barend ten Dam.

6. 18 Agustus 1932,
Gerrit de Raadt yang pertama kali membuat rekor 20 jam 45 menit kemudian memperbaiki rekor terakhirnya menggunakan sepeda motor Rudge, dengan catatan waktu 10 jam 1 menit atau tidak lebih dari setengah waktu rekor pertamanya. Saat inipun, menempuh Jakarta-Surabaya dalam waktu 10 jam mengendarai motor merupakan pencapaian yang tidak mudah. Sejak tahun 1934, rute Batavia-Soerabaja tidak lagi hanya melalui Bandung yang jaraknya 845 kilometer, tetapi juga melalui jalur utara (lewat Pamanukan) yang jaraknya lebih pendek 45 kilometer.


Related article:
http://motorlama.com/sejarah-sepeda-motor-di-indonesia.php

Motorcycle History of discovery

Motorcycle History of discovery
Motorcycles are now likely to be one of the most popular transportation tool in the world, especially in Indonesia. Will you pay attention on the road, so many motorcycles that pass or who are waiting in line when the red light is on.
Do you know where they come from motorcycles, nobody had a significant role in the development of motorcycles and motorcycle history to how to go to Indonesia?
There are three people who are recognized as the inventor of the motorcycle, Ernest Michaux (France), Edward Butler (UK) and Gottlieb Daimler (Germany). Motorcycles were first designed in 1868 by Ernest Michaux French nationality. At that time, the planned propulsion is steam engine, but the project was not successful. Then in 1885 Edward Butler tried to improve it by making the other vehicle uses three wheels and driven by the motor of the type of internal combustion engine.
In 1885 a German engineer Gottlieb Daimler and his partner, Wilhelm Maybach became the first motorcycle fabricators in the world. Daimler pair of small four-stroke engine on a wooden bicycle. Machine is placed in the middle (between the front and rear wheels) and connected by a chain to the rear wheel. Then the wooden bike engine was named Reitwagen (riding car).
At that time the vehicle type is not yet known to the public. Until the year 1892, Henry Hilderband of Munich, West Germany introduced a new model motorcycles. And was followed again by Werner Brothers in 1897. The first motorcycle sold to the public was made by the motorcycle factories Hildebrand und Wolfm├╝ller in Munich, Germany in 1893. Motorcycle rear wheel is driven directly by the crankshaft (crankshaft).
In 1895 motorcycle first came to the United States, specifically to the city of New York. In the same year, a U.S. inventor, EJ Pennington, in Milwaukee, demonstrate self-designed motorcycle. Pennington eventually regarded as the first to introduce the term motorcycle (motorbike).
In the same year, Triumph, the British motorcycle manufacturer decided to make motorcycles. Four years later, 1902, the company produced the first motorcycle, but still using the machines from Belgium. Later in 1905, Triumph motorcycle produced its own intact.
In 1903, William S Harley and his friend Arthur Davidson, producing motorcycles in Milwaukee, United States, and named the Harley Davidson motorcycle. In 1904, another U.S. company, Indian Motorcycle Manufacturing Company, located in Springfield, Massachusetts, came to the Indian Motorcycle Single.
Then came World War I (1914-1918), the company became a motorcycle manufacturer with the largest production in the world. Indian Motorcycle Manufacturing Company closed in 1953 and the Indian brand was taken over by Royal Enfield.
After World War I until 1928, the company that manufactures the world's largest motorcycle is a Harley Davidson. In 1921, BMW motorcycle comes with rear-wheel driven using Koppel (shaft drive). In the 1930's there were about 80 motorcycle brands in the UK, including Norton, Triumph, AJS, and other brands that are not so famous, like New Gerrard, NUT, SOS, Chell and Whitwood.
The development of motorcycles in Europe, also sparked by World War II (1939-1945), where motorcycles are made for military purposes. After World War II, in 1946, Italian designers, Piaggio, Vespa scooter introduced and immediately attracted the attention of the world.
In 1949, Honda manufactures motorcycles with two stroke engines. However, the sound of two stroke engines are noisy and smelling smoke coming out of the exhaust makes Honda four-stroke engine develops.
In 1951, BSA Group (UK) bought Triumph Motorcycles and became the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world. Then the BSA position was taken over by NSU (Germany) in 1955. However, since the 1970's until now, Honda noted as the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world.
In 1952, Honda produces motorcycle known as a cub. Popularity duck type motorcycle is making a Japanese motorcycle companies such as Kawasaki, Yamaha, and Suzuki motorcycles modeled this type of duck.
Interesting figure, a powerful engine and easy to maintain, as well as competitive prices make Japanese motorcycles, the Honda, Suzuki, Yamaha, and Kawasaki, very popular and until now dominate the world motorcycle market. However, the names of Harley Davidson motorcycles remains a popular, especially in the United States. Likewise, BMW, Triumph and Ducati.
Motorcycles first entered Indonesia in 1893. The motorcycle was purchased by John C. Potter, a machinist first sugar mill Oemboel, Probolinggo, East Java. He ordered himself a motorcycle it directly to the manufacturer in Munich.
Well, so now you know the history of motorcycles in the world. What about other types of transportation history

HONDA

 SPESIFIKASI
  • : 1.897 x 680 x 1.083 mm
  • : 1.273 mm
  • : 132.5 mm
  • : 99,3 kg
  • : Tulang punggung
  • : Teleskopik
  • : Lengan ayun dengan sokbreker tunggal
  • : 80/90 - 14 M/C 40P
  • : 90/90 - 14 M/C 46P
  • : Cakram hidrolik dengan piston ganda
  • : Tromol
  • : 3,6 liter
  • : 4 langkah, SOHC pendinginan dengan cairan
  • : 50 x 55 mm
  • : 108 cc
  • : 10,7 : 1
  • : 8,99 PS/8.000 rpm
  • : 0,86 kgf.m/6.500 rpm
  • : 0,7 liter pada penggantian periodik
  • : otomatis, sentrifugal, tipe kering
  • : Otomatis V-Matic
  • : -
  • : Pedal dan Elektrik
  • : 12 V - 3,5 Ah
  • : ND U22FER9, NGK CR7EH-9
  • : DC-CDI, Baterai
HARGA : Rp 14,450,000

HONDA

 SPESIFIKASI
  • : 1.932 x 711 x 1.092 mm
  • : 1.258 mm
  • : 135 mm
  • : 107 kg
  • : Tulang punggung
  • : Teleskopik
  • : Lengan ayun dengan sokbreker ganda
  • : 70/90 � 17 M/C 38P
  • : 80/90 � 17 M/C 44P
  • : Cakram hidrolik, dengan piston tunggal
  • : Cakram hidrolik, dengan piston tunggal
  • : 5,6 liter
  • : 4 langkah, SOHC
  • : 52,4 x 57,9 mm
  • : 124,8 cc
  • : 9,3 : 1
  • : 9,63 PS / 7.500 rpm
  • : 1,08 kgf.m / 5.500 rpm
  • : 0,7 liter pada penggantian periodik
  • :
  • : 4 kecepatan rotari / bertautan tetap
  • : N-1-2-3-4-N (rotari)
  • : Pedal dan elektrik
  • : MF 12 V � 3,0 Ah
  • : ND U20EPR9, NGK CPR6EA-9
  • : Full Transisterized, Battery
HARGA : Rp 16,225,000

HONDA

SPESIFIKASI
  • : 1.889 x 702 x 1.094 mm
  • : 1.242 mm
  • : 138 mm
  • : 105kg
  • : Tulang punggung
  • : Teleskopik
  • : Lengan ayun dan peredam kejut ganda
  • : 70/90 - 17 M/C 38P
  • : 80/90 - 17 M/C 44P
  • : Cakram double piston
  • : Cakram single piston
  • : 3,7 liter
  • : 4 langkah, SOHC, pendinginan udara
  • : 52,4 x 57,9 mm
  • : 124,8 cc
  • : 9,0 : 1
  • : 9,3 PS / 7.500 rpm
  • : 1,03 kgf.m / 4000 rpm
  • : 0,7 liter pada penggantian periodik
  • : Otomatis sentrifugal
  • : Kecepatan bertautan tetap
  • : N-1-2-3-4-N (rotari)
  • : Pedal dan elektrik
  • : 12 V - 3,5 Ah
  • : ND U20EPR9 / NGK CPR6EA-9
  • : Carburator - DC CDI
HARGA : Rp 15,600,000
 

HONDA

 SPESIFIKASI
  • : 1.841 x 669 x 1.094 mm.
  • : 1.256 mm
  • : 128 mm
  • : 99 kg
  • : Tulang punggung
  • : Teleskopik
  • : Lengan ayun dan sokbreker tunggal
  • : 80/90 � 14 M/C 40P
  • : 90/90 � 14 M/C 46P
  • : Cakram Hidrolik, Piston Tunggal
  • : Tromol
  • : 5,5 liter
  • : 4 langkah, OHC
  • : 50 x 55 mm
  • : 108 cc
  • : 9,2 : 1
  • : 6.38 kW (8,67 PS) / 8000 rpm
  • : 8.89 N.m (0,91 kgf.m) / 6500 rpm
  • : 0,7 liter pada penggantian periodik
  • : Otomatis, sentrifugal, tipe kering
  • : Otomatis, V-Matic
  • : -
  • : Pedal & elektrik
  • : MF Battery, 12 V � 3 Ah
  • : NGK CPR8EA-9 DENSO U24EPR9
  • : Full Transisterized, Baterai
HARGA : Rp 12,900,000